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Let’s talk about how to use American Airlines miles for awards to Central and South America. American Airlines flies more routes from the United States to Central and South America than any other carrier–by far!

Me in Rio de Janeiro during the last World Cup, Christ the Redeemer in the background


“Redeeming American Airlines Miles” Series Index

Central and South America

Central and South America (excluding Mexico) is divided into three regions.

Central America is:

  • Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama

South America Zone 1 is:

  • Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
  • Manaus (Brazil)

South America Zone 2 is the rest of the continent:

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Chile (excluding Easter Island)
  • Falkland Islands
  • Paraguay
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

As I noted in the post on American Airlines award routing rules, awards to South America Zone 2 must fly directly from North America to the South America Zone 2 region. They cannot transit Central America or South America Zone 1. That would break the trip into two awards and increase the miles price.

The Partners for Central and South America Awards

American Airlines partners with direct flights from North America to Central America and South America:

  • American
  • LATAM and its affiliates (eg LATAM Argentina)
    • The airlines LAN and TAM joined in May, 2016 to become LATAM

Award space on American is searchable on Here’s how to search

Award space on LATAM is searchable on Here’s how to search


From North America to Central America American Airlines charges:

  • 12,500 miles one way in economy from September 7 – November 14 and April 27 – May 20 flown exclusively on American Airlines planes
  • 17,500 miles one way for other economy awards
  • 27,500 miles one way in Business Class

The peak economy is the same prices that United and Delta charge to Central America in economy. American’s Business Class price is a little cheaper than the competitors’. The most value can be found using the economy Off Peak awards, which are the same price as most airlines charge for a one way within the continental United States.

From North America to South America Region 1, American Airlines charges:

  • 17,500 miles one way in economy from January 16 – June 14 and September 7 – November 14 flown exclusively on American Airlines planes
  • 20,000 miles one way for other economy awards
  • 30,000 miles one way in Business Class

Prices are similar flying United or Delta economy–the best deal is flying during the Off Peak dates to take advantage of the discounted economy award price. To fly Business Class, using American miles to is definitely a better deal (5,000+ miles cheaper) than redeeming either United or Delta miles.

From North America to South America Region 2, American Airlines charges:

  • 30,000 miles one way for economy awards the rest of the year
  • 57,500 miles one way in Business Class
  • 85,000 miles one way in First Class

Economy prices are on par with what United and Delta charge. Business and First Class are cheaper when redeeming United miles. Delta miles should be your last choice to use for premium cabin flights to Southern South America–they are the most expensive in Business Class and you can’t redeem them on partners’ First Classes.

Routes & Award Space

American Airlines has a massive, massive route network from Miami to Central and South America.

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image from

American also has a smaller network from Dallas and Charlotte in addition to the LATAM flights to South America from around the country.

While American flies to nearly every major city in the region, it doesn’t hit all the tourist destinations like Patagonia, Galapagos, and Machu Picchu. But even here American Airlines miles shine. LATAM Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru have massive route networks that get you wherever you need to go in South America for no extra miles.

Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 2.05.55 PM
LATAM Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, and Argentina flights
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LATAM Paraguay and Brazil flights
Award Space on American Airlines Flights

Award space varies by destination and season, but the general pattern on American Airlines flights is OK economy award space and poor Business and First Class award space that gets slightly better the last few weeks before departure. I also notice that there is often better premium cabin award space from South America to the United States than from the United States to South America.

For instance, here is Buenos Aires to Miami. There are three days in the next week with two Business Class seats on the same flight.

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Miami to Buenos Aires only has one such flight (today) in the next few weeks.

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Similarly here is Miami to Rio de Janeiro. There are seven days in the next three weeks with two Business Class seats.

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But from Rio to Miami, there is more Business Class award space for two people–nine days out of the next three weeks.

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Finally, as I said, economy award space is just OK. Here is award space for two from Miami to Santiago mid September through mid October. You can find space if you’re flexible, but it is not available daily.

Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 2.44.56 PMLATAM Award Space

LATAM’s award space from the United States to Peru, Colombia, Argentina, and Ecuador is pretty bad.

LATAM award space to Chile looks pretty open for Southern South America summer at the moment. This week in mid July has tons of options flying economy or Business, up to seven seats in each with multiple flights a day from New York City.Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.09.30 PM Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.09.19 PM

LATAM’s award space to Brazil is very good. Here is a day in November with 8+ Business Class award seats and 8+ economy award seats from Miami to Sao Paulo.
Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.20.52 PMScreen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.18.49 PMIntra-South America, LATAM has pretty good award space. It’s a common sight to see several daily Lima to Cuzco flights with award space, like this day in mid November that has ten flight options.
Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.25.03 PMScreen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.25.36 PM

I couldn’t find LATAM Argentina award space from Ushuaia or Calafate to Buenos Aires for January 2017–the peak of high season in Patagonia, but much of the year, there is such award space from Ushuaia to Buenos Aires.

LATAM Ecuador has decent economy award space to the Galapagos Islands from Quito and Guayaquil if you are flexible, like this day with seven award seats from Quito.

Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 3.32.27 PM

LATAM Brazil has great award space within Brazil.

Booking the Award

If the backbone of your award is American Airlines flights to Central and South America, begin your search on If you need to add LATAM flights, search for those next or simultaneously on

If your award is only American Airlines flights, book online. If it includes LATAM flights, you need to book by calling American Airlines at 800-882-8880. The good news is that you will pay zero phone booking fee, since that fee was waived when an award can’t be booked online.

If you want to fly a premium cabin, you can book economy now and if space opens up closer to departure, you can change the award for no change fee to a higher cabin.

If you want to take a grand tour of South America, consider hopping around with:

Bottom Line

American Airlines miles are fantastic to get to pretty much every town and city in Central and South America in economy. There is some premium cabin award space, mostly right before departure with more on the flights to the United States than from the United States.

Awards to Central and South America are cheap if you take advantage of American Airlines’ Off Peak economy awards.

For a limited time, the Citi® / AAdvantage® Executive World Elite™ MasterCard® is offering 60,000 bonus American Airlines miles and Admirals Club lounge membership, among other awesome benefits, after spending $5,000 in the first three months.

Screen Shot 2016-02-12 at 4.44.21 PM

By meeting the $5,000 total spending requirement you’ll earn at least 65,000 American Airlines miles. With just a little more spending, you’d have enough to fly two people roundtrip to Northern South America during Off Peak dates (January 16 – June 14 and September 7 – November 14).

Earn 75,000 bonus points after you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first 3 months from account opening.

Just getting started in the world of points and miles? The Chase Sapphire Preferred is the best card for you to start with.

With a bonus of 75,000 points after $4,000 spend in the first 3 months, 5x points on travel booked through the Chase Travel Portal and 3x points on restaurants, streaming services, and online groceries (excluding Target, Walmart, and wholesale clubs), this card truly cannot be beat for getting started!

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