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Part I: The Main Award & Finding a Free Oneway

Part II: Breakthrough: Maximizing the Routing in a Major Way

Part III: Adding a Great Sidetrip

As part of my New Year’s travel resolutions, I really wanted to visit Tokyo and see a close friend in Europe this year. My vacation time is extremely limited, so I was forced to maximize the award ticket. Luckily, my best times to take off are in October and November. The fall is typically off peak travel times in Europe and Asia, but the weather is still mild and it’s typically less crowded.

Most importantly, though, is that award space is usually ample during this time. As I began to construct my Tokyo trip, options just seemed to keep opening up. That’s a great problem to have!

Living in the Baltimore area, I have my pick of Baltimore-Washington, Washington-Reagan, and Washington-Dulles as a jumping off point. My strong preference is BWI or DCA, but when traveling internationally, IAD just makes more sense. There are more nonstops and more options overall.

I would be using Dividend Miles to book my trip without question. I had earned quite a few US Airways Dividend Miles through the now-defunct Grand Slam promotion, the extremely lucrative share miles deal in October, and the Barclay’s co-branded credit card signup bonus.

Having a large balance wasn’t the only incentive to use Dividend Miles. US Airways has a truly incredible partner award chart with some spectacular values. Flying business class to the North Asia region is only 90k miles on Star Alliance carriers. United will charge 120k miles for the same itinerary, so booking with US Airways saves us 30k. For more US Airways sweet spot awards, make sure to check out Scott’s posts here, here and here. is my favorite place to search for Star Alliance availability. For a great step by step, make sure to check out Scott’s post Free First Class Next Month: Star Alliance Award Searches on I knew that both United and All Nippon Airways (ANA) each operated a daily nonstop from Dulles <-> Tokyo-Narita. That would be the starting point for the award.

After tricking’s Award Calendar, I was able to pull up nonstop availability for two travelers in October and November. There was business space to Tokyo nearly every day!

I then plugged in the reverse Tokyo -> Washington-Dulles route. Award space wasn’t as good but was still solid.

I could have written down the flight numbers and called US Airways directly at 1-800-662-1015 to book the award. I wouldn’t have been able to escape the $50 award processing fee nor the taxes associated with the ticket, but those are a small price to pay for a 90k business class award ticket to Tokyo.

I hesitated, though. The award just wasn’t good enough. I wanted to try out and review more than just ANA’s 777 product. I wanted to take a spin in their new 787 Dreamliner.

Knowing that the Dreamliner operated nonstops to Tokyo out of Seattle, I unchecked the “Nonstop Flights Only” box at the bottom of the screen and searched again from Washington-Dulles to Tokyo. There was business class award space on most days Monday-Friday in October and November. A sample itinerary is below.

When using US Airways miles, you want to find space on with blue Select buttons–saver space. Ignore the prices in miles, since US Airways will charge you a different amount–usually fewer miles as in this case.

I would travel IAD-SEA-NRT with SEA-NRT in the brand new 787 Dreamliner. The return would be a convenient nonstop NRT-IAD. All legs would be in business. That’s a solid award ticket, but at MileValue we pride ourselves in maximizing our award bookings. It was time to add a free oneway to the ticket.

San Francisco in August seemed like an enticing proposition. The weather would be perfect, the Baltimore Orioles would be battling the San Francisco Giants, and I could finally catch a game at the acclaimed AT&T Park. This was the perfect chance to add a free oneway onto my existing award!

As Scott wrote in his post, Master Thread: Free Oneways on US Airways Awards,  the free oneway MUST be before your main award TO your home airport. I did a check of SFO to either BWI or DCA. There was fortunately saver economy space for two itineraries that matched my schedule well. I opted for the top one.

Note that adding a saver award segment in economy doesn’t change the price of the entire award ticket. It will still price at 90k miles if even one segment is in business class. Luckily I didn’t care about flying business domestically. The international legs were in business, and that’s all that mattered to me.

My itinerary was close to being complete. It was as follows:

August 11th SFO-EWR-DCA (free oneway)

November 4th IAD-SEA-NRT

November 10th NRT-IAD

(Note that I am flying into DCA and out of IAD on the award. This is fine on awards with all airlines because the airports are considered coterminal. This is not an open jaw. What is an Open Jaw?)

I wasn’t done, though. The above itinerary would be  quickly rejected by US Airways. The award begins in San Francisco and ends in Washington D.C.  That’s an open jaw. There is also a stopover in Washington D.C. between August and November. With US Airways awards, you are permitted a stopover OR an open jaw. You can’t have both. It was time to turn this into a bookable award.

As Scott notes, within 24 hours of landing at your home airport (in this case, Washington D.C.), the award must continue from your home airport to where the award began (the free oneway origin). I won’t fly this final segment, but it’s important to add it to the award, so it satisfies US Airways’ routing rules. For another example of such an award, see his favorite award ever: Anatomy of an Award: South America, Africa, Europe, and North America in Biz for 100k.)

The NRT-IAD leg lands in Washington D.C. at approximately 9:40 a.m. in the morning on November 10th. I needed to find award space back to San Francisco before November 11th at 9:40 a.m. Luckily United runs frequent nonstops between Dulles <-> San Francisco. I picked an early morning departure that satisfied the 24 hour rule above. My itinerary was as follows:

San Francisco to Newark to Washington-Reagan (free oneway in economy)

Washington-Dulles to Seattle to Tokyo-Narita (business)

Tokyo-Narita to Washington-Dulles (business)

Washington-Dulles to San Francisco (not going to fly/throw away segment)

You have to call US Airways to book partner awards. They can’t be purchased online. I wrote down the details for each flight segment I wanted: dates, times, flight numbers, carriers, and cabins, and called US Airway at 1-800-622-1015.

To help put the agent at ease, I began the call with, “I’m going San Francisco to Tokyo roundtrip. I just got disconnected with another agent. She had priced out the award at 90k. Can I give you the segments?” I fed her the information and she put me on hold to verify the routing with the rate desk. After a five minute hold, she said the itinerary wasn’t bookable as presented because it backtracked from San Francisco.

At this point, arguing would be useless. I thanked her for her time and politely hung up. I then called back the next day and fed the agent the exact same routing. After a short hold with the rate desk, the itinerary was accepted! Why was the ticket legal the second time around? Scott probably put it best when he said:

“US Airways nominally has some routing rules. But computers don’t price US Airways awards; humans do. And humans do it by looking at the origin and destination cities and where they fall on the award chart.

That means if you keep your total number of segments low, you make their job easy by feeding them flights with space, and you’re friendly, you can get away with a lot.”

At this point, I could put the award on a three day courtesy hold or book it immediately. In this case, a courtesy hold would actually be unwise. If I called back in to book the award, the agent would again need to verify the itinerary with the rate desk. That just means it’s another chance for US Airways to reject it!

I was about to give the phone agent my credit card information when I paused AGAIN. This award had the potential to be even better. I wanted to try out more Star Alliance business class products. I wanted to see more places than just San Francisco and Tokyo. I could do even better. It was back to the award laboratory.
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US Airways has a really great partner award chart. A business class ticket to North Asia is only 90k miles roundtrip. With a few caveats, you can also add a free oneway to the beginning of your itinerary, provided the city where your free oneway starts is in the same region of the US Airways award chart as your home airport. My free oneway could be from anywhere in the continental US, Canada, or Alaska.

US Airways does have some routing rules, but they are loosely enforced at best. With that piece of knowledge, I wanted to turn my award ticket into something even better.

If you want to squeeze the most value out of your frequent flyer miles and don’t have the time or energy to exploit the routing rules or search for award space, consider using our great Award Booking Service.

The next installment in this series will center around exploiting US Airway’s lax routing policies even more! Instead of just Tokyo, it will be time to tack on some additional international segments.

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